@Barry Giddens - 'A Fascism of convenience rather than driven purely by ideology' - a finely made point and well described. I think this speaks of the time and place - an age of ism's. To our modern ideas it lacked 'grey areas,' in popular thought - actually, not popular thought but mainstream constructs. Governmental, state sponsored propaganda - backed up by bayonets - keep your heads down, you'll have a quieter life. @udrako - ' the "Integralists" (Brazilian fascists) were largely nationalists, however pro-allies or pro-neutral and anti-racists,' - anti-racist fascists, an object lesson in nuance. How could you be racist in Brazil? - perhaps excepting the indigenous population - from the off a country based on an astonishingly diverse ethnic base? Mind you it did not stop - historically and indeed currently - mainstream American - and British cultural trends - making the same mistake. I think as long as we address these issues in a historical context we won't be breaking the forum rules. cheers - I.Fascinating Ulysses. The comparisons with Salazar's Portugal is very interesting. A Fascism of convenience rather than driven purely by ideology.